Mental health refers to a state of wellbeing in which an individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. Factors, such as stressful work conditions, discrimination, and social exclusion have the potential to impair mental health. On the other hand, appropriate job demands, decision latitude, and social support from colleagues and supervisors advance mental health.
Workplaces have excellent possibilities to support employees’ mental health and wellbeing and to aid employees reach their best possible performance. To provide this support, workplaces are recommended to prevent and manage stress factors particularly related to work organisation, work content, and working environment. This Toolkit section provides some ideas on how this can be done.