Ergonomics, the science of work, is the process of designing or arranging workplaces, products, and systems so that they fit the people who use them. Ergonomics promotes a holistic approach to plan the operations of the workplace and to design work tasks so that they can be done fluently, safely, and healthily, considering physical, cognitive, social, organisational, environmental, and other relevant factors. Ergonomics involves three main domains: physical (for example, working postures and work-related musculoskeletal challenges), cognitive (for example, adjustments of work processes to decrease mental workload and work stress), and organisational ergonomics (for example, communication, teamwork, work design, and scheduling). This section provides some suggestions for improving these areas.

Share This